A 2017 legal review conducted by Camille Guerra and Dr. Timothy K. Mackey clearly illustrates the challenges faced by courts in effectively prosecuting illicit online pharmacies. In USA Criminal And Civil Prosecutions Associated With Illicit Online Pharmacies: Legal Analysis And Global Implications, Guerra and Mackey examine legal cases against fake online pharmacies and drug counterfeiters.

What Guerra and Mackey found via their search of court records was that although investigators pursue illicit online pharmacies, “current legal tools and regulatory policies do not effectively deter this highly profitable criminal activity.”

Read USA Criminal And Civil Prosecutions Associated With Illicit Online Pharmacies: Legal Analysis And Global Implications in its entirety.